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What Engineers Find in This Diamond Mine Still Can’t Be Explained

Renee Yates

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The exploitation of earth’s natural resources has been one of the drivers of economic growth since time immemorial. This is despite the negative effects the extraction of rare minerals has on the planet. When it comes down to preserving the environment or over exploiting it in pursuit of economic growth, mankind will always choose the latter.

But sometimes Mother Nature fights back, and several Russian engineers came to learn this the hard way when a hole they were swallowed by one of the biggest diamond mines in the world, sad that not one of them lived to tell the tale. The engineers were digging in the mine in search for diamonds when it happened. No one really knows what happened in that mine up to this day.

 

The Jackpot

Many European economies were hit hard by the World War II. The Soviet Union was heavily invested in the conflict its economy was in a sorry state when the war ended, the union was on the verge of collapse. In a bid to save the country from what seemed like an imminent collapse, the government embarked for the search of gold and diamonds in the Siberian wilderness.

Yuri Khabardin, Ekaterina Elagina, and Viktor Avdeenko were the three geologists sent to explore the vast wilderness in search of deposits of the rare metals. It was a long journey in the harsh weather, but it proved worthy as they discovered a kimberlite pipe — kimberlite pipes deliver deposits to the earth’s surface. The Soviets had hit the jackpot! They sent more engineers to dig the mine.

 

Harsh Climate

After the discovery, it didn’t take long for the digging to begin. The geologists were hoping to find more precious metals in the ground but it was during winter, which can be pretty harsh in that part of the world. There were layers and layers of permafrost, even with dynamite and jet engines, they could not break it to access the precious stones.

Well, the minerals weren’t going anywhere and they weren’t getting anywhere in the cold weather so they figured they’d wait for warm weather. The geologists were right to wait as the warm weather came and melted the permafrost. They could access the metals in the ground easily in the warm weather but boy, were they wrong.

Stranger Things

The warm weather wasn’t helpful either. As the permafrost melted in the sun, the hole they were digging became deeper. They started noticing bizarre occurrences. For instance, the hole created by the melted permafrost started sucking in everything in the vicinity, like a black hole but on the ground. The geologists exploring diamond deposits as well as their machinery disappeared, too.

The hole would finally stop getting deeper but the Soviet government had already lost its engineers and their equipment. Lives were lost in the expedition. The mine, known as Mir Mine today, opened in the 60s and is one of the biggest in the world. The expedition turned out to be a success as the mine produces 10 million carats of diamonds per year, but was it worth it?

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Technology and the link between grandma and granddaughter

Shannon Jackson

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Quinn Hendershot lives in the Chicago suburbs. She has a grandmother that she grew close with after her father had a brain condition. Her grandmother came to live with her family in the States when Quinn was only 13 to offer her support and care. After having lived with her grandmother, Quinn became super close with her dear grandparent.

As Quinn grew older, she still maintained a strong link with her grandmother. In fact, when Quinn went off to graduate school she still continued to spend time with her grandmother when possible. Quinn enjoyed learning to cook with her grandmother and running errands with her since grandma wasn’t able to drive.

Recently Quinn’s grandma achieved a lifetime goal of building a home in Colombia. Quinn’s grandma was born in Colombia and lived in the country until reaching the age of 17. Because of this, grandma still has a lot of contacts back in the home country. In building a home back in Colombia, grandma hoped to connect with her roots and reconnect with distant family.

Quinn has expained that her grandmother has fond memories of growing up on farmland with livestock like donkeys and poultry around. Quinn also notes the fact that it’s much more affordable to build a home in Colombia than in the United States. 

There’s no doubt that Quinn Hendershot is happy for her grandmother’s accomplishments. Quinn recognizes that after all this time, her grandmother finally gets to realize her dream. That doesn’t mean that they don’t miss one another!

It takes three different airline transfers to get from Quinn’s home in Chicago to the home of her grandmother in Colombia. Nevertheless, grandma and granddaughter maintain a strong relationship.

Quinn says that she sends text messages to her grandmother almost every single day. She also sends pictures to her grandmother so that grandma can see what’s going on in her life. Grandma likes to send Quinn pictures of her cat and dog, while Quinn likes to send pictures of the food she gets to eat to her grandmother. After all, a grandmother always scolds her granddaughter that she’s not eating enough!

It’s true that Quinn’s grandmother doesn’t have a great cell phone connection where she’s living in Colombia. However, there are some great technologies available that make communication available and even convenient despite this. One product that is especially helpful to Quinn and her grandmother is Google Nest Hub. Google Nest Hub has a fantastic photo sharing feature. With this feature, people like Quinn Hendershot can upload all of their photos and send them to their family abroad. 

Technology features like Google Nest Hub help bring family members closer to one another. According to Quinn, she can learn more about the everyday life of her beloved grandmother thanks to Google Nest Hub. This makes it easier to maintain a relationship with family members even if they are not living close by and cannot be spoken with one-on-one on a daily basis. 

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The Gorgeous Azure-Blue Colored Tanager

Shannon Jackson

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Amongst the spectrum of bright-colored birds, the tanager with its subtle azure- blue color, stands out as a uniquely beautiful bird. The beauty of the azure-blue is that it can transform into different shades of blue in different light settings. It can look purple-grey in certain dark conditions and light blue in bright sunlight. The azure blue is naturally a calm and peaceful color to look at. It would be an ideal color for nursery or powder. Nature has chosen the tanager to showcase its magnificent Azure blue color. Other species of tanager have lighter blue colors.  The tanager bird has not received the attention it deserves and therefore little effort has gone into the conservation of this beautiful bird. With increasing in urban development, the natural habitat of the azure-blue tanager has been compromised. There needs to be a conscious effort to promote the tanager so it can receive the level of attention and care it deserves.

The azure-blue tanager belongs to the Thraupidae family and is mostly found in the eastern part of Brazil. They live in tropical or subtropical moist forests. With its shy personality and the dwindling population numbers, the azure blue tanager has become a difficult bird to spot. Many photography and nature enthusiasts spend weeks in search of a glimpse of the mesmerizing azure blue tanager, but few can locate one. The region of Brazil where it is mostly found are not easily accessible due to poor infrastructure. However, as humans have invaded their habitat space, the azure blue tanager has been forced to relocate to regions not ideally suited to their needs. Although they can fly long distances, their instinct near a single location. The singing abilities of azure-blue tanager are excellent. The males often sing to attract females. The typical call from a male tanager is a low-pitched sound.  

About 90% of the azure blue tanagers live in Brazil or the Andes. The eastern parts of Brazil are home to several other species of animals, however, this region has been marked for several residential and industrial projects. The economy of Brazil has not reached the heights it once promised. That has forced the government and private companies for alternate ways to grow the economy. Historically, one of the major industries has been agriculture but as Brazil looks at new ways to grow the economy, industrial manufacturing has been increasing. There has been limited space in already populated regions of the country. That has led to the expansion into the North and East of Brazil.  It is not just the tanagers that are going to suffer from the expansion into the eastern Brazilian territory. The Amazon rainforest has around 40,000 plant species, 1300 types of birds, 2.5 million types of insects, and over 3000 types of fish.  

The azure-blue tanager is an omnivorous species of bird, so they eat the food of both plant and animal origin. They have been seen eating fruits, nectar from flowers and insects. For their young ones, they often bring larger insects but their daily diet consists of plant-based food. Nature conservationists in South America have included the azure blue tanager in their books and documentaries to get some attention to the decreasing population of the azure blue tanager. They were also part of the Birds of South America books. However, there needs to be a higher level of awareness for this beautiful bird for the species to survive. It is our responsibility to ensure our children will be able to see such marvelous creatures when they grow up. For that, conservation actions need to be taken now.

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The Eurasian Bullfinch

Renee Yates

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The color peach is most associated with the fruit of the same name. Apart from the fruit and a few flowers, the color peach is not commonly found in nature. There are certainly very few animals that have any shades of peach. However, there is one breed in birds that do display the color peach on its chest. The Eurasian Bullfinch is a small-size but bulky looking bird that is native to Europe and certain regions of Asia. Their range of travel is estimated to be around ten million square kilometers. Their preferred habitat parks, gardens, hedges, trees, and agricultural areas. They get their name from the bull-shaped head. Parts of the upper body are colored grey while the feathers are a mixture of black and white. The legs and feet are pinkish-brown in color. Juvenile bullfinch birds have the same shape as adult birds but they don’t have the same colors. The young ones are mostly grey and brown.

For breeding purposes, the Eurasian Bullfinch nests in tall bushes. They lay about 4-7 eggs. The chest is often mistakenly described as red, but it is as peach as it gets.  The males have brighter colors, while the females have a slightly beige color on their chest. Their unique color makes them easily recognizable from other birds with similar size and shape. Although the bird has a bulky shape, it is considered a small to medium-sized bird.

They are social creatures and are often found in pairs or groups. They are mostly found busy looking for seeds. Only 10% of BTO Garden BirdWatch gardens have the Bullfinch. Their shy and reclusive personality makes them a rare bird to fine. Although they mostly eat seeds, for their young ones do they occasionally feed on insects. Initially, they were mostly found in woodlands but have now slowly moved to gardens too. Although they migrate during winter months, mostly they stay in the same spot throughout their lives. If you are looking to spot one, try to look for them in a suburban garden with scrubs or thick hedgerows. They prefer to find a thick cover for the nests. As food supply has become more scattered, it has forced the bullfinch to travel more often.

There are reclusive in personality and shy away from human contact. During colder months, they migrate to southern regions of Europe and Asia. Their diet mostly consists of seeds from plants such as ash, elm, and nettle. Their liking for flower buds made them be considered as a pest of fruit trees. Although they are not considered to be an endangered species, their population has seen a decline due to the loss of arable weeds and new agricultural practices.

One of the unique features of the Eurasian Bullfinch is its ability to store seeds in a small sac at the bottom of their mouths. This feature is useful when they have to bring back seeds from long distances for their young ones. Amongst the finch species of bird, the Bullfinch is the only bird that has evolved into adapting this remarkable sac in the mouth.

Another stunning feature of the Eurasian Bullfinch is their singing ability. They have a beautiful soft and subtle call. When the male seeks to attract the females, it uses a soft tone mostly audible to other bullfinch birds only. The call from the male is a polite descending set of notes, repeated at specific intervals. The bullfinch is also skillful in mimicry and is popular birds to keep as pets. They are even able to follow tunes played to them.

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Culture

Personal Clouds- Samoyed Dogs

Kelly Taylor

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Many people around the country and indeed around the world are absolutely in love with the animal that is known as man’s best friend- the dog. They go by many names and people love them all- dogs, doggos, canines, puppies, puppers, good bois, floofs, howlers, and woofers. Regardless of what you call them, and no matter what breed of dog you are talking about, a cute and well-behaved dog can instantly turn a bad day into a good day and put a smile on your face

However, some breeds garner special love and attention from their human companion. Some are better are defending our families and properties. Some are best-suited work helping us with work. Some are great with kids while others are best for a quieter family setup. Some like to run around and play all day. Some prefer to be laid back and lazy on the couch. Some are big and some are little. Some are plain-looking and some are very fancy. And then there are those rare breeds that seem to encompass so many groups that they stand out as a special breed all on their own, and the Samoyed breed of dog is one such example!

Samoyeds are very unique among the thousands of breeds of dogs because, you see, they often remind people of clouds. All it takes is one look at a Samoyed to see where that comes from. It doesnt take a lot of brains to see how soft and white and fluffy this breed is and how cloud-like they truly are!

They are gentle giants and are great pets to have as part of the family. The American Kennel Club talks about the Samoyed breed and calls them a very adaptable, family-oriented, energetic, friendly, and surprisingly gentle breed. This is why the attention surrounding this breed has taken off in recent years as more and more people are discovering this gentle and gorgeous breed and are finding out for themselves how much fun it can be to have a living floof ball in the home.

While they may look like a cloud and even feel like one with their soft fluffy coat of fur, this breed makes for a very big cloud! Samoyeds can reach a height of almost two feet at their shoulder when they are standing on all four, and the average weight for a full-grown male is between 65 and 70 pounds.

They are also a very active and energetic breed of dog, and they can extremely social with people in gnarly but particularly so with their family. They often want to be right with you, in tour lap, or at your side, loving to get hugs, and pets, and belly rubs. When you make a Samoyed dog part of your family, you best plan to spend the majority of your free time going for walks, playing in the yard, and engaging with them in the home. These dogs may closely resemble the clouds that lazily drift along in the sky on a sunny day, but they are a far cry from being lazy couch potatoes!

The only real drawback to these floofy clouds is the extent to which they shed. If all your clothes are black or your fanciest dresses and suits are darker colored then you may have some issues with the white hair that will ultimately end up everywhere. Their thick white coats protect them from cold temperatures which is what they were bred for as an original working-class dog for northern climates. It also means that these double-coated dogs shed all year long- and the shedding gets even more prolific when the summer heat kicks in. Also, people who have severe allergies to dander may find that the prolific spread of the fur around the house might be too much for their immune system to handle.

For most people, however, dealing with the vacuuming and cleaning of hair is a small price to pay to have your own personal cloud to hug and snuggle anytime that you want!

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Fans of the Duggar Family have a new theory about Josh Duggar

Shannon Jackson

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Jim Bob And Michelle Duggar continue to have a large fan following due to their 19 Kids and Counting  reality show that aired from 2008 to 2015. The controversial show featured nine girls and ten boys of Jim and Michelle. At one point the show was the most popular show on TLC and also landed in Neilson’s “Cable Top 25” ranking.

With 19 children in one house, there are a lot of different dynamics at play. Fan of the show believes that there is a money related dispute between Jim and Jill Bob. Both Derick and Jill don’t get much screen time as they are often shown to be busy with their own private life. The other family member that doesn’t get much screen time is Josh Duggar, who has developed a reputation for being a trouble maker. During his younger days, he was accused of sexually assaulting several family members. That eventually led to the cancellation of the show.

Recently, Josh Duggar has been back in the news. This time it is because of the fan theory that has surfaced online. According to the fan theory, Josh Duggar and his wife Anna are scheming to become owners of the Duggar family house, which is an enormous property, probably worth millions of dollars. Just to provide an idea of the size of the house, the laundry room has four washers and four dryers, running nine loads of laundry a day. The house has gone through expensive renovations and expansions.

The fan theory is based on the fact that Josh and Anna seem to be overly connected with the Duggar house. They continue to live in it even though Josh and his parents don’t get along too well. With the history of the violence of Josh, his parents have distanced them from him and Anna. Josh has also been accused of cheating on his wife. It would be fair to say, Josh has not demonstrated himself as a person of high moral standards and character. The fan theory believes that the only reason Anna has been staying with Josh is because of the greed to own the property one day. Josh has even admitted to cheating. Anna claimed she didn’t want to divorce him due to religious reasons but fan theory believes it all about the money. She is biding time until she gets the property. It’s all part of a plan. Anna is shown to be “very happy” on her social media accounts, but given the track record of the couple, the fans believe it is all fake. The couple already has five children and they expect to continue to have more. Looks like they don’t want to leave anything to chance and position themselves as front runners to inherit the house.

This theory is further reinforced with the news that Josh Duggar has not been doing good financially. The last job he had was of a used car salesperson and that was a while ago. On Reddit forums, this fan theory has gained a lot of attention. The fans believe that the Duggar child who has the most grandchildren might inherit the house. Also, Bob and Michelle might show some pity on Josh given that he has gone through a lot in his life, although it has mostly been his fault.

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