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National Bison Range Officially Becomes Part of Flathead Indian Reservation

It’s official! Effective January 15, 2021, National Bison Range is owned by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

The land has become a part of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT) following an authorized historical process involving the US and Indian bureaucrats.

The CSKT is a part of Montana’s Flathead Indian Reservation, which lies west of the state along the river, which bears the same name.

It is home to multiple tribes, encompassing the Bitterroot Salish and the Kootenai, known for being diverse. Scores of people visit the reservations to partake of its wildlife and bask in the lush greenery.

The recent property transfer was enabled by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in association with the Land Management Bureau.

In what was deemed a smooth transition of ownership David L. Bernhardt, who had reached the climax of his tenure as Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior, affixed his signature to the transfer order.

Order 3390 states that the land belongs to the Indian Affairs Bureau, with restoration slated to get underway immediately.

Head of the CSKT, Shelly Fyant, underscored the value of the US authorities’ move to correct a situation that occurred many years ago, forcing the land’s separation.

Ms. Fyant notes that the move is nothing short of historic and will lead to its continued preservation.

She adds that it was a lot of hard work that was put into accomplishing this major feat, emphasizing that both ranges were separated more than a century ago, twenty-five of which were spent attempting to manage the Fish and Wildlife Center there jointly.

She believes that the original dwellers will significantly benefit from the historic move that relied on the Buffalo for so many years.

It was through Public Law No. 116-260 that the transition was made possible by.

It was four days before the end of the year that the law came into effect; a welcoming new year’s gift for the Indian Bureau.

That same month, Congress abolished the Law that established the National Bison Range and moved ahead with the process to return the land of the National Bison Range held in protection by the United States for the benefit of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes.

The law also established a two-year transition period during which Congress gave directives to the Secretary of the Interior via the FWS to be in one accord with the Tribes in transition operations. The tribes assumed complete control of the Bison Range.

Both the Service and the tribes will work for a seamless transition for the Bison, the wildlife, the staff, and the public.

In the meantime, scores of tourists have been flocking the area for years to see the many natural attractions, including species of animals not seen anywhere else.

Some attractions include “The People’s Center,” which, for thousands of years, the Salish, Pend d’Oreille, and Kootenai have occupied. These lands gradually became western Montana and the surrounding area.

The People’s Center tells the tales of these tribes via a museum, an exhibition space, educational programs, and a gift shop.

There’s also the Flathead Lake State Parks, the most vast freshwater lake in the West.

Areas of note on the lake comprise Wild Horse Island and several other spectacular state divisions on the reserve, including Finley Point and Yellow Bay.

Except for Wild Horse Island, all areas extend camping, fishing, boat rides and swimming excursions, and more.

Now that the territory has expanded, tourism will be an even more significant benefit to the Indian tribes with more to display.



18 Celebrities That Vanished Without a Trace or Explanation

Kevin Wells



If the best magicians in the world have taught us anything, it’s that we simply cannot vanish without a lot of preparation and planning. As human beings, we crave closure. As a society obsessed with celebrity culture, we also crave constant news and attention regarding these larger-than-life figures. So what do we do when some of the biggest stars in the world up and vanish?

We look closer.

Today, we are going to introduce you to 18 celebrities that vanished without a trace or a concrete explanation. While these stories are sad and tragic in their own right, they are also thrilling insights into how quickly larger-than-life figures can come and go.

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25 Fitness Tips That EVERY Gym Enthusiast Needs to Know

Shannon Jackson



Every great journey begins with a single solitary step. In the fitness world, we begin our journey toward health and wellness in earnest when we begin putting in the work. As many newcomers to the world of exercise have come to realize, simply working hard will not always lead to direct and effective results. Do you feel like you are hitting your limits, spinning your tires, or otherwise stalling out with your fitness progress?

To enjoy a more successful journey toward your fitness resolutions, consider incorporating 25 of these secret fitness tips that every gym enthusiast needs to know!

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The Most Expensive High Schools In The United States, Ranked

Shannon Jackson



We all know just how expensive college can get, with high tuition, dorm fees, books, and living costs. Most parents spend the first 18 years of their children’s life saving up for the high expenses of college. However, sometimes parents may have to dip into these savings a little early with some highly sought after high schools. 

Today, we’ll look at some of the most expensive high schools in the U.S and see what makes them so desirable. The tuition on #1 is mind-blowing.

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Use Mindfulness Methods to Cope with Holidays’ Uncertainty and Stress

Renee Yates



The coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has stunned the entire world. The deadly virus has affected millions across the world in terms of health, business, and economy. Numerous research studies have highlighted the effects of stress on people in the cold winter season. 

However, 2020 is different because there is more stress due to Covid-19. People can’t go out for shopping, share Thanksgiving dinners, or celebrate Christmas with their loved ones. There are several ways to cope with stress and anxiety, but practicing mindfulness is the best method to let go of the past and future. 

Mindfulness allows you to recharge your brain and fully present in the moment. It helps fight depression, anxiety, and stress. At the same, mindfulness can help you cope with the uncertainty that usually occurs during the holiday season. Here are a few mindful ways to cope with tension and stress throughout the holiday season. Read on!

A Balanced Diet 

Food is the central point of any event or celebration, but the holiday season is incomplete without delicious recipes and dishes. It is a great time to enjoy your food traditions. However, unhealthy diets can affect you both physically and mentally. So, make sure you choose the right type of food that you enjoy and benefit your overall wellbeing. 

Studies show that the presentation of good food can enhance your eating experience. According to Dan Ariely, an experienced social psychologist, a good presentation of coffee can upscale its taste. Some people say that their coffee tastes more delicious when it is presented in fancy containers instead of paper cups. 

Likewise, it is crucial to eat and drink wisely. Slow chewing allows your stomach to digest the food properly. You will also experience the flavor, texture, and smell if you take time with each bite. 

Eat healthy food items, such as veggies and fruits because they are packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can detoxify your body and increase blood flow to the brain. Eventually, you will have less stress and anxiety. 

Listen to Relaxing Music 

People enjoy the holiday season with the music they love. Listen to the music that demonstrates your religious, cultural, and societal norms. Many evolutionary psychologists say that early human beings developed music for enjoyment and calmness purposes. 

According to Steven Pinker, a psychologist, music is an auditory cheesecake, a byproduct of natural selection. Most psychologists believe that early human played and used music to strengthen bonds within their tribes.  

A growing body of research evidence shows that music can help reduce anxiety and stress. Some studies show that music increases blood circulation and lowers blood pressure levels. Not only does music improve balance, but it also boosts your brain’s plasticity. 

Recent studies have highlighted that music produces emotional effects on your brain and allows you to feel energized, calm, joyful, nostalgic, reflective, and stress-free. It is important to choose music that helps you to get rid of the hustle and bustle in your mind. Create a list of songs that soothes your mind and tranquil your heart.  

Explore Nature 

The holiday season is full of stress and anxiety of many people. Many people miss the pre-Covid-19 world where everyone could go outside and enjoy. Although urban life has its own mental implications, the pre-Covid-19 era was still better than the uncertain times of today. 

Exploring Nature is one of the best ways to cope with your mental stress. A recent research study showed that spending time in Nature, especially in trees for about 15 minutes can help reduce negative thoughts, anxiety, confusion, and depressive symptoms. On the other hand, people who live in urban areas experience more stress. 

Another research study highlighted that people who look up t tall trees for one minute had induced feelings of generosity and calmness. The participants of the study also reported that this practice had lowered their selfish behavior.

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Looking For Happiness? Studies Show It Might Come From Hydration!





According to a report by the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine, the average adequate intake for water is roughly 3.7 liters for men and around 2.7 liters for women. Obviously, these requirements may change based upon our body composition and day-to-day rigors, but that is a solid foundation to begin your water consumption. When we drink the appropriate amount of water, we know that our skin can become clearer and our organs can function better. However, did you also know that the amount of water you drink might have a direct impact on how happy you are in general?

A poll conducted by the team at OnePoll was performed in conjunction with Bosch Home Appliances to explore hydration, water intake, and its many impacts on our wellbeing. According to the report, the study found that nearly 40% of respondents would drink at least six or more glasses of water every single day. In doing so, these poll responders claimed that they strongly agreed that hydration was playing a beneficial role in an increase in their happiness. The study went on to theorize that refreshments, such as a glass of water or fresh juice, could help us wake up feeling more refreshed, less exhausted, and more ready to tackle the day.

As the study performed by OnePoll progressed, one thing became abundantly clear: people associated their water intake with success and happiness. Individuals who drank at least six glasses of water per day were far more likely to describe themselves as ‘successful’ and ‘least likely’ to be late on their way to the office. These numbers were almost directly polarized by individuals who reported significantly less water intake throughout the day. Those who reported drinking less than six glasses often described themselves as ‘struggling to wake up’ or ‘feeling exhausted’ at random times during the week.

While the study by OnePoll with Bosch Home Appliances was far from conclusive, it gave us a direct look into how our relationship to water can change the perspective we have on our own health. Those that did not keep up with their water intake were less optimistic overall. What does this actually mean and can any truth be gleaned from the is study? Those who drank plenty of water found themselves happier while also more satisfied and confident with their efforts.

Other factors that may impact how much water you should consume per day will vary based upon where you live, what you eat, how active you are, and your overall health. Extensive studies in China have found that avoiding water for up to 36 hours can have a direct and noticeable impact on attention, memory, reaction speed, focus, and overall levels of fatigue. According to studies within the U.S. healthcare system, nearly 75% of adult Americans walk around chronically dehydrated, subsisting on just 2.5 cups of water per day while over-consuming other, less healthy beverages.

One of the best ways to ensure proper water consumption is by incorporating a filtered water bottle into your day-to-day routine. Simply refilling a reusable water bottle multiple times per day can have a direct impact on your health, happiness, and energy levels.

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