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Canada’s National Tree Seed Center Seeks to Help Aboriginals Replenish Original Tree Populations

It’s like a sanctuary for seeds if you should turn up at the Fredericton National Tree Seed Centre in Canada.

A portion of those seeds will be dispersed in order to aid in the repopulation of endangered species held dear by First Nations communities nationwide.

Since the 1960s, the Hugh John Flemming Forestry Centre’s seed center has collected and cataloged millions of seeds and kept them in underground freezers.

In the past, the center’s job has been to supply seeds of Canadian plant species to researchers and educators around the world, Donnie McPhee, the coordinator, said in a statement.

It also serves as a coordinator for threatened species, he added, adding that this role emerged in the twentieth century.

In the center, seeds are tested for viability, cataloged, and frozen for future use. They all end up in one of three -20 degree freezers. Those embryos that can’t withstand these conditions are placed in liquid nitrogen.

Seeds from each collection are tested for viability every ten years by the center.

Tseveralnumber of varieties is of relevance to Indigenous populations no matter where we are in the country. National Tree Seed Center’s Donnie McPhee:

With Canada separated into “eco-districts,” the seed center hopes to preserve 15–20 samples of each species native to each eco-district.

As a result, “when you’re discussing 700 tree and shrub varieties spanning 1,000 eco-districts, there’s a lot of seed collections to be conducted to save and have that seed available for study and conservation purposes”

Priorities at the Centre have shifted.

It has collaborated with Indigenous communities for nearly 15 years, although McPhee characterized the connection as “ad hoc” during this time. Priorities were set by the federal government as well as the seed center, he claimed, and the First Nations were given little consideration.

The tide is turning, however.

According to McPhee, “one thing we started starting to observe over the last several years is that when we’re dealing with Indigenous people, there are distinct species that are of importance to them.”

A reduction in the population of this particular species has been noticed by the local community even though they aren’t listed as endangered.

Natural Resources Canada has just launched a new program that aims to concentrate on species that First Nations deem to be critical.

Participants representing indigenous communities will be trained over the next five years to locate and harvest seeds that are valuable to them. In the end, anything they gather will be a useful resource for future generations.

According to the Mi’kmaq and Wolastoqey of New Brunswick, a type of wood commonly utilized in Indigenous art is becoming increasingly scarce.

Another example is a large white birch tree. White birch trees are plentiful, but it has become increasingly difficult to locate trees big enough to supply the bark for classic birch-bark canoes.

Some white birch trees are known to produce superior bark than others, according to McPhee. This is the type of tree for which we should be gathering seeds and replanting them in that neighborhood.

When it comes to the Fredericton-based seed center, Cecelia Brooks of St. Mary’s First Nation has nothing but praise for the project.

“It’s been a long time, but… Having Indigenous people from all around Canada involved in the collection, planting, and growth of trees is something I’m very excited about.”

Food security is essential.

To assist repopulate several of the plants and trees that became extinct, McPhee says the center is willing to lend a hand.

It’s not just for art or heritage that plant species need to be preserved, but also for the preservation of local cuisines.

Native seeds are already being distributed across Canada.

“The velocity is phenomenal,” Brooks said of the tree seeds. “As you know, acorns are one of our primary sources of nutrition. In addition to that, there are plenty of berries and butternuts, as well as various nut and fruit trees.”

The National Tree Seed Centre, according to McPhee, is a good place to start for any First Nations community interested in conserving a particular species or even just providing feedback.



Indiana Man Saves Children During House Fire, Footage Caught on Police Body Camera





There are moments in life when we can decide to become a hero or to fade into the background. For Nicholas Bostic, a young man from Indiana, the choice was thrust upon his shoulders without much time to think. Bostic had been driving home around 12:30 in the morning when he noticed a fire billowing from the balcony of a home. A moment later, the driver was slamming on his brakes, running up a hill, and vanishing into a house engulfed in flame. Moments later, Bostic would re-appear with four saved lives.

However, there was someone still missing.

Tragedy Averted, Stunning Moments Caught on Camera

When police officers and fire response teams arrived at the Indiana home that was ablaze, they didn’t know what they were walking into. However, moments after officers arrived on the scene, video footage from police body-worn cameras would reveal a stunning image of Bostic emerging from the flames with a young girl in his arms. Moments later, the two would collapse onto the sidewalk, wheezing and injured, asking for oxygen.

After initially beating law enforcement to the scene, Bostic would run into the home where he would find four young children as well as their oldest sister. After getting the small group out of the home, they would reveal that another child was still stuck inside.

Bostic didn’t hesitate. In an interview with Fox 59, Bostic revealed his return to the home, “The smoke just came out of nowhere. It was pitch black, pitch black. The heat was excruciating.”

Despite the billowing smoke, excruciating heat, and blinding particulates, Bostic was able to find the young child trapped in the home. Listening to her faint cries, Bostic was able to find the child on the second story of the building. The duo would jump out of the window only to appear dramatically before the waiting law enforcement officials.

Bostic and the child would both survive the incident, though Bostic would suffer from blisters, burns, and other abrasions. The entire family was uninjured.

When asked about his experience, Bostic replied, “I’d be hoping that the guy driving would consider doing the same if they were able to.”

Honoring a Local Hero: Thanks From a City

According to a report by fire department officials, the fire began on the front porch and had been caused by ashes that had not been extinguished before they were emptied. Bostic’s minor injuries would be treated at Eskenazi Hospital in nearby Indianapolis.

Lt. Randy Sherer of the local Lafayette Police Department cited Bostic’s actions as being brave, selfless, and heroic. Lt. Sherer stated, “He has impressed many with his courage, tenacity, and steadfast calmness in the face of such perilous danger.”

Local police officers stated that Bostic would be honored by the community during a local baseball game for the Aviators in August. Lafayette Mayor Tony Roswarski was also quick to thank Bostic for his actions. All proceeds earned from tickets at the local baseball game will be given to a fundraising campaign on the internet for Bostic.

As far as Bostic is concerned, his actions were just an extension of his personal faith. Bostic told the local station News 18, “I have something to remind me of why I’m here, still alive. Why God keeps me here. He used me like his instrument that night.”

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The Blue Angels Select FIRST Female Pilot: Lt. Amanda Lee Joins the Squadron

Kelly Taylor



The Blue Angels have been part and parcel of air shows for as long as most aviation fans can remember. Established in 1946, the Blue Angels have been providing fans with wondrous aerial displays at sporting events, air shows, and other demonstrations throughout the country as part of an effort to recruit for the United States Navy.

Throughout the history of the Blue Angels’ flying demonstrations, they’ve never held a female pilot as one of their core members – this all changed with the introduction of Lt. Amanda Lee.

Let’s take a closer look at the newest member of the squadron as well as the latest efforts by the Blue Angels.

Introducing Lt. Amanda Lee

Lt. Amanda Lee will be joining the Blue Angels after doing a stint with the Strike Fighter Squadron 106, otherwise known as the Gladiators. Lee’s time with the Gladiators will be spent at the Naval Air Station Oceana located in Virginia Beach, VA. After spending time training with the Gladiators, Angel is expected to report to the Blue Angels to begin her training in earnest.

Lee has long been a name associated with ‘firsts’ in the Air Force. In 2019, Lee would join an all-female flyover team for the funeral of Rosemary Mariner, a retired captain as well as one of the first-ever female pilots in the Navy. Mariner was also the first woman to ever command a naval aviation squadron, but that isn’t something Lee is thinking too much about.

Lee said in an interview released through the Navy, “I’m a pilot first, a person second, and my gender really isn’t an issue.”

In the Naval interview, Lee would go on to cite Rosemary Mariner as being an inspiration and a motivator. Lee said at the time, “It’s people like Capt. Mariner that have paved that way for us, so it’s really a huge honor.”

Amanda Lee will join the Blue Angels roster as it currently consists of 17 members. Among the 17 officers serving with the Blue Angels, there are only three women on the team: a public affairs professional, an events coordinator, and a flight surgeon. Lee will become the first female pilot to ever join the team.

Members of the Blue Angels typically serve on the roster for two years but they first must have acquired a minimum of 1,250 tactical jet flight hours. At the time of this writing, the Blue Angels are flying F/A-18 Super Hornet Jets.

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YouTube Content Creator Reunites Luggage With Owners

Kevin Wells



When people travel via commercial airlines, they are expected to put a nametag on their suitcase that goes in baggage, and it’s not a bad idea to do the same on their carryons as well. However, unless the same travelers use their own tag, what’s provided at the airport is usually just enough to survive the trip and then be replaced. Unfortunately, a good number of bags get separated from their tags, and they also don’t get recovered in the immediate lost and found by their owners. While airlines will try to connect these bags with their owners, eventually some don’t make it.

Bags that are permanently separated or unclaimed ultimately have to be gotten rid of, and airlines take advantage of third parties to move bags from their warehouses onsite to other parties who might want to use the luggage for second-hand goods. This then connects the lost luggage with our story.

Hope Allen is a well-known YouTuber. In that respect, the artist needs content to keep audiences growing and entertained. One particular topic Hope came up with, known online as HopeScope, involves connecting lost luggage with its original owners. So off Hope went recovering lost belongings and trying to connect them with previous holders. In particular, Hope focuses on expensive personal property, including everything ranging from Louis Vuitton baggage to high-end electronics. The adventure got so popular, Hope was joined by Safiya Nygaard, another YouTuber, to help make the connections. Nygaard had her own expertise, being an accomplished treasure hunter. Add in the fact that with the pandemic people were losing things all over the place, pickings were good, no pun intended.

Hope and partner focused on specific items that clearly represented personal connections as well as value. High-end scarves, sunglasses, cameras and similar were all fair game. And, while it was a good idea for content, the success in finding the real owners didn’t pan out so well. Unfazed, the two YouTubers changed their strategy and focused on websites already in the business of selling unclaimed travel property (yes, there are online businesses just for that market, believe it or not).

To help in making connections more successful, Hope and Safiya then got a list of items from owners who detailed what they lost. Rather than focusing on finding the exact item, the pair instead looked for viable exact or similar replacements. The similarities got further and further away from exact copies, but the replacements were still comparable quality. Hope would complete the circle by shipping the replacement back to the affected owner, who would in turn submit a video reaction. The high majority were quite happy enough to get some kind of recovery.

As mentioned before, airlines use third party to move unclaimed bags. Either they go to charities or other parties paid to move them out; there’s no profit for the airlines, just removal of a concern. After 60 days, everything ends up in those parties’ hands. The oddest things are found in luggage. Some cases end up being mini-treasures, like expensive Rolex watches. Others can be potential risks like a live rattlesnake. It’s amazing what people try to go on a trip with.

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A New Baby Frozen Mammoth Discovery in Canada

Kevin Wells



Finding parts of an ancient animal tends to be par for the course for many paleontologists and researchers focused on gaining a better understanding of the biological past. And in the case of the mammoths, most times bones and assembly are spread far and wide, with some left where they landed and others used or carried for food or tools. So, to find an entire woolly mammoth complete and intact, and a juvenile at that, is a serious paleontological treasure.

Aged by estimates to an approximate 30,000 years, a mummified baby woolly mammoth was discovered during gold mining operations. The location is deep in Canada’s wilderness in the Klondike Region. The territory is within the title and ownership of the Tr’ondek Hwech’in First Nation who will now also retain title to the mammoth discovery as well.

In terms of biological record, the recent baby mammoth discovery is comparable to the one found in 2007 in Russia’s Siberia region, and it may even be more complete. Based on results tested so far and evaluated, the specimen is assumed to be a baby female of the species, and it was already sizeable when it perished. The local tribespeople have named it Nun cho ga, which is a literal description of the find, “big baby animal.” For researchers, however, the discovery goes far deeper. The level of preservation and recovery is intense, giving them a whole new portfolio of material on which to study and know more about the mammoths that once trekked the colder parts of the world regularly in large herds.

The last major baby mammoth find was more than 70 years ago in 1948. That find was also in a gold mining operation, but in Alaska instead. Like so many discoveries during mining, the current mammoth specimen was located when the given miner involved was working a bulldozer and hit something that didn’t feel right. Trained to watch out for such anomalies, the driver immediately stopped and called for a supervisor to confirm what he thought might be going on. Sure enough, there was the baby mammoth’s body now exposed for the first time in probably thousands of years since it passed away. Much of the mammoth had been preserved in deep mud, protecting it from the air and deterioration, similar to how the British bogs have protected archaeological finds from oxidation as well.

With careful work and fast stabilization, the baby mammoth will be preserved and then studied for years to come, adding extensive new material for researchers to work with. No surprise, the biological journal world will be buzzing for a while based on this new Canadian discovery.

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Greenland Polar Bears Secretly Found Living Inland from Coast

Kelly Taylor



Polar bears for centuries have been a resilient species, surviving and thriving in remote locations of extreme cold. However, as their environment has changed, there have been numerous instances of these creatures starving as well as interacting far more with human development while looking for food. Little did anyone expect, they would also adapt and hide in plain site when it came to bears in Greenland.

The Greenland contingency of polar bears faced the same challenges as their cousins, shrinking territory with melting ice and less ability to hunt on floating ice platforms to look for food. However, on Greenland, the polars seem to have adapted far better to living on solid land, working and hunting for food via inlets on the coastal edges versus being on the glaciers and ice flows directly. This adjustment has allowed the Greenland bears to thrive, as well as be confused with other pods and groups that were purely arctic and North Pole groupings instead.

The Greenland population of polar bears hasn’t been a recent change either. Instead, this particular contingent has been around for centuries, using the fjords as launching points to engage with the ocean and then return. The lack of ice on the ocean in some areas has simply forced them to be on land more, which finally caught the notice of researchers.

Biologists believe they are watching evolution at work. Those bears that are adapting to land are surviving, while those that rely on the ice floats and similar for traditional hunting are limited and eventually dying out as their floating territory becomes scarcer and scarcer. Adaption and survival of the fittest again seems to rule based on savviness as well.

A total of 19 different subgroups roam the arctic in terms of polar bear territory. Of those, at least one of them covers a 2,000 mile stretch of coastal land on Greenland itself. However, once the census counting really got under way, the scientists realized they were really looking at two different subgroups on the coast, not just one. This was based on 36 years of data tracking, using animal GPS monitoring, and individually identified bears. Additionally, genetic sampling has also helped narrow down individuals and their offspring.

Of course, critics can argue that the population is just a mix of temporary and visiting bears, just following the local food availability. This criticism is proven wrong by the heredity and genetic data collection on each of the bears involved, clearly showing they are a distinct coastal subgroup separate and different from the other arctic polar bears, a key factor in their recognition. In total, the distinct grouping measures about 300 different animals.

Some argue that the Greenland bears may very well have the better part of the deal. Being able to take advantage of the confluence of fjord water with the ocean, coastal ice and land, and glacier activity, the bears have a robust source of food to dive after in the water, ranging from fish to mammals and more. And that particular mix is contributing to their strength versus other parts of the arctic. In effect, they have found the sweet spot for polar bear living. Add in the fact that the area is so remote, humans effectively can’t access it, and the bears have their coastal zone to themselves. Ironically, however, their birth rate is low, something that scientists are guessing is caused by the geographic challenges in the area connecting bears with bears consistently. So, it turns out, nothing is perfect.

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